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James Baldwin
James Baldwin James Baldwin


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James Baldwin was born in Harlem in 1924 The oldest of nine children, he grew up in poverty, developing a troubled relationship with his strict, religious father As a child, he cast about for a way to escape his circumstances As he recalls, I knew I was black, of course, but I also knew I was smart I didn’t know how I would use my mind, or even if I could, but that was the only thing I had to use By the time he was fourteen, Baldwin was spending much of his time in libraries and had found his passion for writing During this early part of his life, he followed in his father’s footsteps and became a preacher Of those teen years, Baldwin recalled, Those three years in the pulpit — I didn’t realize it then — that is what turned me into a writer, really, dealing with all that anguish and that despair and that beauty Many have noted the strong influence of the language of the church on Baldwin’s style, its cadences and tone Eager to move on, Baldwin knew that if he left the pulpit he must also leave home, so at eighteen he took a job working for the New Jersey railroad.

After working for a short while with the railroad, Baldwin moved to Greenwich Village, where he came into contact with the well-known writer Richard Wright Baldwin worked for a number of years as a freelance writer, working primarily on book reviews Though Baldwin had not yet finished a novel, Wright helped to secure him a grant with which he could support himself as a writer in Paris So, in 1948 Baldwin left for Paris, where he would find enough distance from the American society he grew up in to write about it After writing a number of pieces that were published in various magazines, Baldwin went to Switzerland to finish his first novel Go Tell It on the Mountain, published in 1953, was an autobiographical work about growing up in Harlem The passion and depth with which he described the struggles of black Americans was unlike anything that had been written Though not instantly recognized as such, Go Tell It on the Mountain has long been considered an American classic Throughout the rest of the decade, Baldwin moved from Paris to New York to Istanbul, writing Notes of a Native Son (1955) and Giovanni’s Room (1956) Dealing with taboo themes in both books (interracial relationships and homosexuality, respectively), Baldwin was creating socially relevant and psychologically penetrating literature.

Being abroad gave Baldwin a perspective on his life and a solitary freedom to pursue his craft “Once you find yourself in another civilization,” he notes, “you’re forced to examine your own” In a sense, Baldwin’s travels brought him even closer to the social concerns of contemporary America In the early 1960s, overwhelmed with a responsibility to the times, Baldwin returned to take part in the civil rights movement Traveling throughout the South, he began work on an explosive work about black identity and the state of racial struggle, The Fire Next Time (1963) For many, Notes of a Native Son and The Fire Next Time were an early and primary voice in the civil rights movement Though at times criticized for his pacifist stance, Baldwin remained throughout the 1960s an important figure in that struggle After the assassinations of his friends Medgar Evers, Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr, and Malcolm X, Baldwin returned to France where he worked on a book about the disillusionment of the times, If Beale Street Could Talk (1974) Many responded to the harsh tone of If Beale Street Could Talk with accusations of bitterness.

But, even if Baldwin had encapsulated much of the anger of the times in his book, he always remained a constant advocate for universal love and brotherhood During the last ten years of his life, Baldwin produced a number of important works of fiction, non-fiction, and poetry, and turned to teaching as a new way of connecting with the young By his death in 1987, James Baldwin had become one of the most important and vocal advocates for equality From Go Tell It on the Mountain to The Evidence of Things Not Seen (1985), James Baldwin created works of literary beauty and depth that will remain essential parts of the American canon .



 
James Baldwin Debates William F. Buckley (1965)
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Malcolm X - Debate with James Baldwin - September 5, 1963
No Description Available
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James Baldwin: The Moral Responsibility of the Artist
This is a speech given by Mr. James Baldwin at the University of Chicago on May 21, 1963. The Speech is entitled The Moral Responsibility of the Artist.
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JAMES BALDWIN INTERVIEWÉ PAR KENNETH CLARK (24 mai 1963)
Sous-titrage en français et en allemand "Une expérience télévisuelle qui saisit la conscience." - The New York Times (gérer les sous-titres grâce au bouton ...
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James Baldwin and Dick Gregory Baldwins Nigger 1969 (FULL)
A 1969 conversation with writer James Baldwin and Dick Gregory in London about the black experience in America and how it relates to the Caribbean and ...
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James Baldwin on the Dick Cavett Show
From PBS American Masters James Baldwin, "The Price of the Ticket" Unfortunately comments became derisive and certain viewers resorted to name calling.
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Hollywood Roundtable feat. James Baldwin (1963)
In this historical motion picture film from the U.S. Information Agency, Marlon Brando, Charlton Heston, Harry Belafonte, Sidney Poitier, Joseph Mankiewicz, ...
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James Baldwin: An Illuminating Memoir of a Classic of American Literature (2004)
Sol Stein (born October 13, 1926 in Chicago) is the author of 13 books and was Publisher and Editor-in-Chief of Stein and Day Publishers for 27 years. In 1953 ...
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James Baldwin: the Price of the Ticket
To watch the entire documentary, to read background information and to order DVDs, visit: ...
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James Baldwins National Press Club Speech 1986
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James Baldwin- I heard it through the grapevine
1982 documentary. Produced by Pat Hartley, Dick Fontaine, James Baldwin.
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Black man in America James Baldwin
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Audio Book: The Fire Next Time by James Baldwin read by Jesse L. Martin
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Take This Hammer: FULL 1963 James Baldwin Documentary on Blacks In The Bay Area
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Author James Baldwin breaks down America in 2017
Words spoken in the past; timely and relevant in 2014.
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